By Michael John Kronenwetter
Capital Punishment makes a speciality of using the demise penalty within the usa, its foreign prestige, and the way overseas advancements have an effect on the rustic. It encompasses a background, a dialogue of the controversies surrounding the loss of life penalty, up to date biographical sketches, and facts. Key files contain the U.S. superb court docket determination declaring capital punishment, a key dissent, Charles Dickens' nineteenth century view of the guillotine, and numerous papal and ecu Union decrees. it's also a chronology, agencies, web pages with extra info, and an annotated bibliography.In this up to date survey, an intensive assessment of capital punishment, writer Michael Kronenwetter finds fascinating evidence, for instance, below Roman legislation, loss of life used to be the penalty for publishing "insulting songs" and anxious the city's peace.
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Extra info for Capital Punishment: A Reference Handbook (Contemporary World Issues)
Charles Lewis Meryon, "Execution by Impalement: Latakia, 1813," a contemporary account published in Eyewitness to History, John Carey, ed. (New York: Avon, 1987), 284. 22. Louis E. Lawes, quoted in Congressional Digest, 232. 23. Laurence, 14. 24. Philip English Mackey, Voices Against Death (New York: Burt Franklin & Company, 1976), xii. 25. Hugo Adam Bedau, The Death Penalty in America, rev. ed. (New York: Aldine, 1968), 6. 26. Mackey, xi. 27. David Brion Davis, "The Movement to Abolish Capital Punishment in America, 1787-1861," American Historical Review (October 1957): 46.
Minorities and foreigners were treated more harshly than members of the dominant group. In many European countries, from the seventh century on, clergymen could not even be tried, much less put to death, by civil authorities for ordinary crimes. The method of execution varied as well. In general, the more socially privileged the criminal, the more merciful the form of execution. ) As late as 1813, Jews, Christians, and members of other religious minorities who ran afoul of the law were still being impaled alive in at least one corner of the Ottoman Empire: stakes being driven up through their bodies with blows of a heavy mallet.
11 Erlich's methods were scientifically controversial, however, particularly because his results contradicted the great majority of other work in the field. A board of experts commissioned by the National Academy of Sciences to examine Erlich's study in 1975 brushed it aside as offering "no useful evidence" on the deterrent effect of capital punishment. 12 In addition to Erlich's study, retentionists point to events in the United States during the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s. Throughout the late 1950s and early 1960s executions in the United States held fairly steady at between 40 and 65 each year.
Capital Punishment: A Reference Handbook (Contemporary World Issues) by Michael John Kronenwetter