By Jack Isbester
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Extra resources for Bulk Carrier Practice: A Practical Guide
At the discharge port it is the duty of the master to proceed to the place of discharge if the charter provides for one. The holder of the bill of lading is usually entitled to have the goods delivered to him direct from the ship, if existing liens are satisfied. , a right to retain goods in his possession while he has unfulfilled claims against the charterer or the cargo owner. Such a claim might be, for example, for freight, for general average contributions, or for expenses incurred by the shipowner or master in protecting or preserving the goods carried.
It is usual to calculate them separately as part of the company's normal budgeting procedures, and they will be known to the person completing the voyage calculation. 1) for a ship on voyage charter from Brazil to Iran with a cargo of soya bean meal is calculated in US dollars. It shows expected freight payable on 24,500 tonnes of cargo, plus demurrage payable for three days. Expected costs include commissions, fuel, port charges, insurance payments and payment for despatch. The anticipated time at sea, time in port, fuel consumption, fuel costs and port charges are summarised towards the bottom of the form.
The commercial contracts entered into by the owner require him to preserve and care for the cargo on board, and to carry it safely and with reasonable dispatch. Thereafter the master has to use his best judgement to ensure the optimum performance of the ship whilst complying with the various commercial contracts to which he or the owner is a party. On a voyage the master must do what is necessary to carry out the contract of carriage and to take reasonable care of the goods entrusted to him. In doing so he acts as the agent of the shipowner but, because of his possession of the cargo, he may also act as the agent of the cargo owner in protecting the cargo owner's interest in the cargo.
Bulk Carrier Practice: A Practical Guide by Jack Isbester