By Shana Bernstein
In her first publication, Shana Bernstein reinterprets U.S. civil rights activism through its roots within the interracial efforts of Mexican, African, Jewish, and jap americans in mid-century la. increasing the body of historic research past black/white and North/South, Bernstein finds that significant family activism for racial equality persevered from the Thirties during the Fifties. She stresses how this coalition-building used to be facilitated by means of the chilly battle weather, as activists sought safety and legitimacy during this conservative period. Emphasizing the numerous connections among ethno-racial groups and among the U.S. and global opinion, Bridges of Reform demonstrates the long term function western towns like la performed in shaping American race family members.
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Extra resources for Bridges of Reform: Interracial Civil Rights Activism in Twentieth-Century Los Angeles
Japanese Americans joined both parties, and it is unclear whether they supported FDR to the same degree as other minority groups. In the late 1930s they formed a Japanese-American branch of the Republican Party and Democratic counterparts like the Japanese American Young Democrats, which appeared all over the state, especially in cities like Oakland, San Francisco, and Los Angeles. A. ”30 As a community, those of Mexican origin had relatively little contact with or participation in the two-party system and did not become a visible political force in Los Angeles and other southwestern cities more generally until the post–World War II era.
A. S. cities with more than 25,000 African Americans, Los Angeles had the highest proportion of black children in school. 27 Upon arrival, though, racial and ethnic minorities found they had set their hopes too high. This was a “tenuous paradise,” according to historian Josh Sides, because although African Americans in Los Angeles enjoyed certain advantages, they still confronted discrimination. 28 Jim Crow’s presence and Los Angeles, the Early Years 21 discrimination in general made themselves known to African Americans and the city’s other diverse residents throughout the ﬁrst decades of the twentieth century.
13 Mexicans, Japanese, Jews, and African Americans were the most numerous and visible minority migrant groups to arrive in Los Angeles 18 Bridges of Reform in this era. Mexicans were the largest, most geographically widespread, and fastest growing of these groups. The Mexican-origin population, already present in the region from the days it was part of the Spanish Empire, increased after 1900 when rising population pressures and unemployment in Mexico boosted the ﬂow of Mexicans to the United States.
Bridges of Reform: Interracial Civil Rights Activism in Twentieth-Century Los Angeles by Shana Bernstein