By John McCartney
In a scientific survey of the manifestations and which means of Black strength in the US, John McCartney analyzes the ideology of the Black strength move within the Sixties and locations it within the context of either African-American and Western political proposal. He demonstrates, notwithstanding an exploration of old antecedents, how the Black energy as opposed to black mainstream festival of the sixties used to be no longer detailed in American historical past. Tracing the evolution of black social and political activities from the 18th century to the current, the writer specializes in the tips and activities of the leaders of every significant approach.Starting with the colonization efforts of the Pan-Negro Nationalist flow within the 18th century, McCartney contrasts the paintings of Bishop Turner with the opposing integrationist perspectives of Frederick Douglass and his fans. McCartney examines the politics of lodging espoused by means of Booker T. Washington; W.E.B. Du Bois's competition to this apolitical stance; the formation of the NAACP, the city League, and different integrationist enterprises; and Marcus Garvey's reawakening of the separatist perfect within the early twentieth century. concentrating on the serious criminal job of the NAACP from the Thirties to the Nineteen Sixties, McCartney provides broad remedy to the ethical and political management of Martin Luther King, Jr., and his problem from the Black energy circulation in 1966.
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Extra info for Black Power Ideologies: An Essay in African-American Political Thought
2' Finally, the great African-American Abolitionist Frederick Douglass throughout his career not only opposed state appropriations for colonization schemes, saying, "We ask that no appropriations Copyrighted Material 20 CHAPTER II whatever, state or national, be granted to the Colonization scheme, "22 but he called colonization "the twin sister of slavery"" and castigated it because, in his view, it strengthened beliefs about African-American inferiority. Many whites also opposed colonization.
It is clear that in the view of the Pan-Negro Nationalists, blacks of the diaspora should migrate to Africa to develop the untapped resources there. Africa as a Land for Black Regeneration The fourth justification for emigration stems from the Pan-Negro Nationalists' belief that because of its large population, mineral wealth, and general potential, Africa is the continent where all blacks must regenerate themselves as a people. Lynch is insightful when he notes that the white colonialists who subjugated Africa after the Congress of Berlin in 1883 also preached that they were regenerating Africa and also claimed to be bringing Christianity and civilization.
Second, the colonists who survived lacked the provisions to sustain themselves until they could become economically independent. "14 Despite its failure, however, the effort illustrates the continuing African-American emigrationist sentiment. A different opinion on the outcome of the movement is expressed by the black historian Robert A. Hill. Hill relates that some of the African-Americans who settled in Ghana introduced new technical skills in gin making and tobacco cultivation and made innovations in Copyrighted Material Black Nationalist Thought 19 transportation techniques.
Black Power Ideologies: An Essay in African-American Political Thought by John McCartney