Battle Trails of Northumbria by Clive Kristen PDF

By Clive Kristen

This number of neighborhood conflict tales is delivered to you as an e-book particularly formatted by way of Andrews united kingdom for present day eReaders. during this first booklet of the 'Battle Trails' sequence, well known local author Clive Kristen turns his hand to an exam of the battles that formed Northumbria and past.

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Booty from the period - thought to have been deliberately hidden - was found in 1832 in the old graveyard ( known as Campy Hill ) to west of the Abbey’s north transept. An equally violent attack in 1295 led to the death of 200 scholars of the Abbey school. A raiding party, featuring the bare backsided Picts of Galloway led by Robert de Ros, fired the building and blocked the doors. All the Abbey documents were also destroyed. In 1346 the town was again ravaged by Scots under King David Bruce. The Battle of Hedgely Moor in the Wars of the Roses was a major setback for the Lancastrian cause.

He had been murdered at a border meeting in 1508 by ‘The Bastard Heron’ ( a technical rather than abusive description of the gentleman ) and two other Englishmen. In fact the King of Scotland had almost too recently signed a ‘Treaty of Perpetual Friendship’ with his brother-in-law Henry VIII of England, and ( as additional insurance no doubt ) a similar treaty with France was still in force. The border castles of Norham, Ford, Etal, and Chillingham were taken rather easily. Then, having set up a major camp on the heights of Flodden ridge ( 509 feet high ) overlooking the Milfield Plain - the direction from which they anticipated the advance of the English - the Scots settled down to wait.

By 1142 King David effectively controlled England north of the Ribble and Tyne. Today it is almost impossible to identify the precise site on which the battle took place. Dunstanburgh Dunstanburgh Castle appears even today to be more of an unfinished building than a ruin. ’ The castle was begun in 1313 by Thomas Earl of Lancaster, High Sheriff of England. Permission to crenellate was given three years later. Initially the castle was regarded as an ‘insurance policy’ against Scottish incursions, but after 1340 became the property of John of Gaunt, and, when Gaunt’s son made himself King Henry IV, it became a royal residence.

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Battle Trails of Northumbria by Clive Kristen

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