By Rachel Morris
Because the Conservative government's reform of the legislation and coverage in terms of lodging for traveling humans (Gypsies and travelers) in 1992, there were no alterations to the laws, regardless of a huge evaluation of housing legislation and coverage started out through the present Labour executive in 2000. a main intent given for the 1992 felony reforms was once monetary: that the price to the general public handbag of delivering websites for traveling humans was once unjustifiably excessive. but no examine used to be ever performed into the prices of now not supplying websites. This ebook offers the findings of a accomplished research via the traveler legislations study Unit at Cardiff legislation tuition of the prices linked to unauthorised encampments. as well as exploration of the monetary expenses skilled through neighborhood professionals within the united kingdom, either as landowners and as prone of public companies, the e-book additionally examines the monetary, human and social bills suffered by means of deepest landowners, police providers and traveling humans themselves. The publication areas those expenses in context either via exploring the method of swap to legislation and coverage during this box in 1992 , and the problems now raised by way of the "Best price" regime and different new responsibilities put on public our bodies by means of human rights and race kin legislation. The publication will be beneficial examining for practitioners and coverage makers in housing, making plans, equality matters, schooling, welfare and policing at neighborhood and nationwide degrees. it may even be of curiosity to social coverage and social paintings lecturers and scholars, and to traveling humans themselves.
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Extra info for At What Cost: The Economics of Gypsy and Traveller Encampments
However, significant variations existed; whereas 91% and 88% for English unitary and Welsh authorities respectively stated that they had incurred costs, only 11% of inner London authorities declared this to be the case. The costs borne by local authorities in managing unauthorised encampments are likely to be a measure of the number of such encampments and their size. Accordingly authorities were asked to quantify, not only the number of unauthorised encampments in their area during the research period, but also the number of Travelling People living at these encampments.
The report Traveller children and educational need in Wales (Cardiff University School of Education, 1998) identified twice as many Travelling children in Wales than had the last governmental counts, approximately 2,000; and pointed out that many more Travelling children (such as those in housing) were also not included. uk/claws/ tlru 7 Letter to the TLRU from the Police Superintendents Association of England and Wales, 5 November 1998. 28 THREE The costs to local authorities Methodology The research study that underscores this account was carried out via a postal survey of county, unitary, metropolitan, London borough and district councils in the UK, including Scotland and Northern Ireland (a total of 464 local authorities).
Seventy-two authorities had difficulty in assessing the number of people present at an encampment; a very few had difficulty in providing a precise number of caravans, and provided instead an estimate of the number of families involved. Of the 217 respondents who were able to give figures in answer to this question, 151 stated that they were only an estimation. A total of 3,095 unauthorised encampments were reported for the period, 2,865 in England. The numbers of Travelling People involved were appraised, by those authorities that felt able to make such an estimate, at just over 35,000.
At What Cost: The Economics of Gypsy and Traveller Encampments by Rachel Morris