Read e-book online Aquinas: Moral, Political, and Legal Theory PDF

By John Finnis

ISBN-10: 0198780842

ISBN-13: 9780198780847

This release quantity within the Founders of contemporary Political and Social notion sequence provides a severe exam of Aquinas's suggestion, combining an available, historically-informed account of his paintings with an review of his critical principles and arguments. John Finnis offers a richly-documented serious evaluate of Aquinas's suggestion on morality, politics, legislation, and approach in social technology. special in his insurance of either basic and secondary texts and his full of life argumentation on many subject matters, the writer makes a speciality of the philosophy in Aquinas's texts, and demonstrates how this interconnects with the theological parts. Finnis exhibits how Aquinas, regardless of a few medieval barriers, makes transparent and profound contributions to offer debates.

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E. being warrantable only on the presupposition-which may or may not be independently reasonable-that God has somehow revealed them) are not 'natural reasons' and yet are far more reasonable than bare appeal to some authoritative state­ ment, see x. 1 , x . 5 below. 12 Perf. c. 30 [26], lines ro3-4 [ 7 3 4], quoting Prov. 2 7 : 1 7 . 1 3 Aquinas also quoted i t i n his Summa contra Gentiles when defending Christian moral teachings with arguments addressed to non-believers; noting the dangers of solitary life and lonely thinking (see n.

2c), just as 'art' can be either distinguished from or treated as including moralis philosophia and practical reasonableness {prudentia } . 11 Eth. pro!. n. 6 [6]. Since civilis is simply the Latin for the Greek politike, as civitas for polis, and since the polis is the city-state and politike is the theory of such supposedly complete communities, 'civil group' { multitudo civilis} here signifies the sort of commu­ nity which is or is capable of being a politically organized community and typically organized precisely as a state.

See Synan ( 1 97 8 ). On his interest in military matters ( to which the knightly world was ordered), see Synan ( 1 9 8 8 ) . On the opportunities and dangers of urban life, see R eg. II. 7 and 8 (n. 3 and 4) [ 1 3 7-48] [ 8 3 9-46]. 17 LIFE, LEARNING, WORKS n. University resistance to papal directives to admit Thomas as a mas ter . . Writing in 1 2 5 6, between inception as a master and acceptance by the other masters, Aquinas expressed a severe view of resistance to papal authority, including papal authority over universities: Impugn .

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Aquinas: Moral, Political, and Legal Theory by John Finnis


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