By Lester L. Grabbe
The eu Seminar in old method is dedicated to debating concerns surrounding the heritage of historic Israel and Judah with the purpose of constructing methodological rules for writing a historical past of the interval. during this specific consultation the subject selected used to be the Omride dynasty - its upward push and fall - and the following Jehu dynasty, all the way down to the autumn of Samaria to the Assyrians. contributors speak about such themes because the relationship of prophetic texts, the home of Ahab in Chronicles, the Tel Dan inscription, the Mesha inscription, the Jezebel culture, the archaeology of Iron IIB, the connection among the biblical textual content and modern resources, and the character of the Omride kingdom. the quantity by the way offers a fairly accomplished therapy of the most assets, concerns, debates, and secondary literature in this interval of Israel's background. An introductory bankruptcy summarizes the person papers and likewise the appropriate component to Mario Liverani's fresh background of the interval. A concluding 'Reflections at the Debate' summarizes the problems raised within the papers and offers a standpoint at the dialogue.
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Extra resources for Ahab Agonistes: The Rise and Fall of the Omri Dynasty (Library of Hebrew Bible - Old Testament Studies)
37 information found in the literature. For similar reasons, I have, for the present undertaking, also avoided using other biblical texts. As for Amos 1-2, the best starting point for establishing a historical context turned out to be the focus on the genre 'words against the nations', as well as a closer look at names of persons and places referred to in these forewarnings in Amos. The historical background for Amos clearly reflects the relationship between the Aramaeans and the Assyrians in the ninth to eighth centuries BCE.
Since, according to common consensus, Damascus became a province in 732, we may pin doum the activity of the prophet Amos to the 73 years between 805 BCE and 732 BCE. In my view, such accuracy is in itself remarkable in ancient historiography. 10. Damascus and the Assyrians The Neo-Assyrian kings of the tenth to the eighth centuries made several campaigns to Hatti in order to secure their empire (Grayson 1982). However, we also learn from the texts how the countries that were forced to pay tribute to Assyria sometimes rebelled against their overlords.
That Ahab of Israel was equally able to provide 10,000 troops, informs us both of the military position of Samaria in this period, as well as of close ties between Damascus and Samaria in the year 853 BCE. The two city states were allies in a war against the Assyrians. This is highly relevant for our understanding of the words of doom against Damascus and Samaria at the same time in Amos. When the prophet presents words of doom against Damascus this does not imply that Samaria was at war with Damascus.
Ahab Agonistes: The Rise and Fall of the Omri Dynasty (Library of Hebrew Bible - Old Testament Studies) by Lester L. Grabbe