By National Research Council, Policy and Global Affairs, Technology, and Economic Policy Board on Science, Committee on Innovation Models for Aeronautics Technologies, Stephen A. Merrill
NASA is a world chief in aeronautics learn and improvement — fostering advances in aviation security and emissions, propulsion expertise, and plenty of different parts. And the agency's Aeronautics examine venture Directorate (ARMD) has performed a necessary function within the U.S. aeronautics undefined. lately, the directorate's leaders and specialists open air the company have sought how one can pace leading edge makes use of of ARMD's examine effects. however the directorate faces administration demanding situations that make it tough for such purposes to prevail — or to happen in any respect. This record from the nationwide Academies' nationwide examine Council, deals the employer assistance on tips to deal with the move of know-how to exterior clients, in addition to enforce versatile group of workers and financial-management practices. The document additionally issues out difficulties that stem from an absence of contract on ARMD's destiny course and several other years of federal funds cuts.
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Extra info for Aeronautics Innovation: NASA's Challenges and Opportunities
Experience shows that a potential innovation must be reduced to practice in the complex environment in which it will function before it will be accepted as credible and adopted by the target user community. Such demonstrations in aeronautics often require large expenditures, as has been amply demonstrated by prior NASA and DOD advanced technology demonstrations. The costs of such demonstration programs normally amount to hundreds of millions of dollars. A major part of these demonstration costs is attributable to the systems phenomenon described earlier—unless the technology can be shown to perform as part of the highly integrated system in which it will be used, the prospective user community is likely to discount it.
Air Transportation: Assessment of Recommendations (April 2004). 22Securing 14 AERONAUTICS INNOVATION Modeling and simulation. 26 Human factors. 29 The Aerospace Commission, concurring that human factors research could help “enhance performance and situational awareness . . in and out of the cockpit,”30 24Securing the Future, p. 25. Research Council, Committee on Breakthrough Technology for Commercial Supersonic Aircraft, Commercial Supersonic Technology: The Way Ahead (Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 2001), p.
56 Effects on Innovation The constraints on NASA’s aeronautics program budget have direct and indirect bearings on innovation. First, in the absence of an effort to adjust the R&D portfolio to available resources by foregoing projects that 55For example, after its successful development of the CT imaging business, GE Medical came to view itself as being in the business of diagnostic imaging, whereas it had previously considered itself to be a more general medical equipment enterprise. It then explored in ambitious fashion, over a two-decade period, development of digital X-ray (a failure), nuclear imaging (a modest success), ultrasound (another failure), MRI (a huge success), and again digital X-ray (a success).
Aeronautics Innovation: NASA's Challenges and Opportunities by National Research Council, Policy and Global Affairs, Technology, and Economic Policy Board on Science, Committee on Innovation Models for Aeronautics Technologies, Stephen A. Merrill